What is Time of Supply for Services on Forward Charge

Last updated on July 7th, 2017 at 03:35 pm

In our previous blog post What is Time of Supply for Goods on Forward Charge we discussed time of supply for goods. In this blog, we will discuss the Time of Supply on Forward Charge for Services.

Under Current Regime

Under the current indirect tax regime, on rendering taxable services, service tax is applicable. The point in time when service tax is to be paid to the central government is determined in accordance with the point of taxation (POT).

According to POT, the liability to pay service tax on forward charge will be determined as shown below:

Earliest of the following
Date of issue of invoice If the invoice is issued within 30 days from the date of completion of the service
Date of completion of service If the invoice is not issued within 30 days from the date of completion of the service
Date of receipt of payment Earliest of Date of payment entered in books of accounts or Date on which payment is credited to the bank account

Let us understand with examples.

Date of Completion of Service Date of Invoice Date of Receipt of Payment POT Explanation
15th October, 2016 20th October, 2016 10th November, 2016 20th October, 2016 The invoice is issued within 30 days of completion of service, and date of invoice is earlier than the date of receipt of payment.
1st December, 2016 5th December, 2016 25th November, 2016 25th November, 2016 The invoice is issued within 30 days of completion of service, and date of receipt of payment is earlier than the date of invoice.
1st November, 2016 5th December, 2016 10th December, 2016 1st November, 2016 The invoice is not issued within 30 days of completion of service. Hence, earliest of; completion of service or date of receipt of payment will be POT i.e., in this case, 1st November, 2016 which is the date of completion of service.

Under GST

In GST, the determination of the point in time when tax has to be paid is explained under ‘Time of Supply’ provisions. The determination of time of supply for services is similar to determining the time of supply for goods. Though services are intangible in nature unlike goods, in order to fill up the gap between goods and services, and to ensure simpler principles, the provisions to determine time of supply for goods and services are similar.

Let us understand Time of Supply for Services under GST on Forward Charge basis

The liability of GST (CGST and SGST or IGST, as applicable) will arise as shown below:

Earliest of the following

Date of invoice

The date on which the supplier issues the invoice.

Due date to issue invoice

The last date on which the supplier is required to issue the invoice is 30 days from the date of supply of services. In case of a banking company, the invoice has to be issued within 45 days from the date of supply of services.

Receipt of payment

 

The date on which payment is received. The earliest of the date on which the payment is accounted in the books of accounts or the date on which the payment is credited to his bank account.

Let us understand this with examples.

Date of Invoice Date of Receipt of Payment Time of Supply Explanation
20th October, 2017 10th November, 2017 20th October, 2017 In this case, the date of invoice is earlier than the date of receipt of payment. Hence, The time of supply will be 20th October, 2017.
5th December, 2017 25th November, 2017 25th November, 2017 In this case, the date of receipt of payment (advance receipt) is earlier than the date of invoice. Hence, the time of supply will be 25th November, 2017
5th December, 2017 Date of Entry in Books: 20th November, 2017

Date of Payment credited to Bank25th November, 2017

20th November, 2017 The time of supply will be the earliest of date of invoice or receipt of payment. The date of receipt of payment will be the earliest of:

  • The date on which the payment is entered in the books of accounts or
  • The date on which the payment is credited to the bank account.

In this case, the date on which the receipt of payment is entered in the books of account is earlier than the date on which payment is credited to the bank account.

5th December, 2017 Date of Entry in Books: 15th November, 2017

Date of Payment credited to Bank10th November, 2017

10th November, 2017 The time of supply will be the earliest of date of invoice or receipt of payment. The date of receipt of payment will be the earliest of:

  • The date on which the payment is entered in the books of accounts or
  • The date on which the payment is credited to the bank account.

In this case, the date on which payment is credited to the bank account is earlier than the date on which payment is entered in the books of account.

Time of supply in cases where invoice is not available
Date of Completion of Service Receipt of Payment Time of Supply of Services Explanation
1st November, 2017 5th December, 2017 30th November, 2017 The time of supply will be the earliest of last day to issue invoice and receipt of payment. The last date to issue the invoice will be 30 days from the date of supply of services. Hence, the time of supply will be 30th November, 2017. This is because the 30 days date of completion of services is earlier than the date of receipt of payment.

Next-in-line
Time of supply for goods on Reverse Charge Mechanism

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Pugal T & Yarab A

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