Schedule-II of the model GST law provides clarity on determining the type of supply as supply of goods or supply of services. This aims at eliminating the dilemma that exists in the current indirect tax system, for example, Service Tax Vs. VAT on works contract, AC Restaurant Service, Software, etc.

It is, therefore, important for businesses to know whether supply amounts to supply of goods or supply of services, and treat supply accordingly.

The law broadly lists transactions related to transfers, land and building, treatment or process (applied on third party’s goods), and transactions related to construction and works contact, renting, etc.

Let us discuss some important supplies with examples.

Sl.NoForms of supplyTreated as supply of?Example
1Any transfer of the title in goodsGoodsFurniture House sold furniture to Mr. Ganesh. This will be treated as supply of goods, because on sale, the title of the furniture is transferred to Mr. Ganesh.
2Any transfer of goods without transfer of titleServicesFurniture House supplied furniture to Mr. Rakesh, on rental basis, for a period of 3 months.

This amounts supply of service because furniture is transferred for Mr. Rakesh’s usage, and the title of the furniture is still with Furniture House.

3Any transfer of title of goods under an agreement which stipulates that property in goods will pass at a future date upon payment of full consideration as agreed.GoodsFurniture House supplied furniture to Mr. Ramesh in an agreement to receive payments in 6 instalments.

This amounts supply of goods, because the title of the furniture will pass on to Mr. Ramesh on completing the payment of 6 instalments.

Typically, all hire purchase will qualify under this section.

4Any lease, easement, tenancy, and  licence to occupy landServicesMr. Suresh lets out land on lease to Furniture House. The letting out of land on lease is considered as supply of services.
5Any lease or letting out of the building including a commercial, industrial or residential complex for business or commerce, either wholly or partlyServicesMr. Suresh lets out a building to Furniture House. Furniture House used the building for display and sale of furniture.

This is a supply of services.

6Job work – Any treatment or process which is being applied to another person’s goodsServicesFurniture House also undertakes repair works and polishing of the furniture of their customers.

The repair and polishing activity will be treated as supply of service.

7Permanent transfer or disposal of business assets transferred with or without considerationGoodsWe have discussed this in detail in this blog post GST Impact on Supply without Consideration & Importation of Services
8Business assets put to private use or non- business use whether or not for a considerationServicesCar used for business is put to private use. This is a supply of services.
9Renting of immovable propertyServicesRenting of shop premises is considered as supply of services.
10Development, design, programming, customisation, adaptation, up-gradation, enhancement, implementation of information technology softwareServicesMax Technologies Ltd developed a payroll software for Furniture House. The development of software is a supply of services.
11Works contract, including transfer of property in goods (whether as goods or in some other form) involved in the execution of a works contract of immovable propertyServicesMurali Construction Ltd constructed a commercial complex involving material and labour.

This is a supply of services.

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